1. Parliament: rules and behaviour
The digital publication of parliamentary data has provided a great incentive for the study of parliamentary behaviour. My current work focuses on the Netherlands and Belgium; in the coming years I intend to broaden the comparative scope of my studies. The main questions that I focus on are those of patterns of parliamentary (voting) behaviour, particularly with regard to party unity and the government-opposition division in parliament. In addition, I am interested in the concept of (positive and negative) parliamentarism as well as the government formation process.
- The Reinvention of Consensus Democracy: Opposition Party Behaviour in the Netherlands, 1998-2015 (with Simon Otjes and Arco Timmermans)
- Populism and Opposition Party Behaviour in Netherlands (with Simon Otjes and Arco Timmermans)
- Explaining the use of parliamentary questions by political parties: beyond electoral incentives (with Simon Otjes)
- 'Unpacking 'positive' and 'negative' parliamentarism'
- The exceptional Belgian case? Government formation duration in comparative perspective (with Peter van Aelst)
- ‘Candidate Selection, Parliamentary Activity and Party Orientation’ (with Cynthia van Vonno)
- 'Reaching across the aisle. Explaining government-opposition voting in parliament' (published online 2016) Party Politics (with Simon Otjes, David Willumsen and Patrik Öhberg)
- 'Personalised parliamentary behaviour without electoral incentives: the case of the Netherlands' (2016) West European Politics (with Simon Otjes)
- 'The Impact of Parliamentary Specialisation on Cosponsorship' (2015) Journal of Legislative Studies. (with Simon Otjes)
- ‘Parliament without government: The Belgian parliament during the long government formation processes of 2007-2011’ (2014), West European Politics, 37(3), 475-496 (with Peter van Aelst)
- ‘Populists in Parliament: Comparing Left-Wing and Right-Wing Populism in the Netherlands’ (2015), Political Studies (with Simon Otjes).
- 'Een bijzonder meerderheidskabinet? Parlementair gedrag tijdens het kabinet Rutte-I' (2013), Res Publica, 55(4). Published in English as 'A Special Majority Cabinet? Supported Minority Governance and Parliamentary Behavior in the Netherlands', World Political Science Review, 10(2), 343-363. (with Simon Otjes)
2. Opinion polls and elections
Opinion polls are an increasingly central part of election campaigns. My work focuses on the aggregation of opinion polls in Ireland and the Netherlands as well as the explanations of party support and effects of opinion polls.
- Pooling Opinion Polls in the Netherlands
- Explaining Government Support Throughout the Legislative Cycle: A Comparative Analysis (with Stefan Müller)
- Improving Opinion Poll Reporting: The Irish Polling Indicator (2016) Irish Political Studies
3. Voting Advice Applications
Voting Advice Applications have gained a large popular audience over the last decades, but their design has not been studied very elaborately. These tools ask voters for their opinion on a number of salient issues in an election and then present the ‘best match’ between the user’s preferences and the policy preferences of the political parties in a country. In a number of projects, together with different colleagues I have begun to unravel these issues of VAA design. The main question of these studies is: how can we be sure that these tools provide voters with good advice?
- 'Response Scales in Voting Advice Applications: Do Different Designs Produce Different Outcomes?' (published online 2016) Policy and Internet (with Martin Rosema)
- ‘Keeping promises: VAAs and political representation’ (2014) in: Matching Voters with Parties and Candidates, edited by Diego Garzia and Stefan Marschall (with Jan Fivaz and Daniel Schwarz)
- ‘Spatial models in Voting Advice Applications.’ (2014) Electoral Studies. (with Simon Otjes)
- ‘The Design Effects of Voting Advice Applications: Comparing Methods of Calculating Results’ (2014) Acta Politica (with Martin Rosema).
- ‘Design challenges in cross-national VAAs: the case of the EU Profiler.’ (2012) International Journal of Electronic Governance, 5(3/4), 279-297. (with Simon Otjes)
4. Political Representation: Linking Citizens and Representatives
The policy link between voters and politicians has been a central issue in politics for quite some time. My work focuses on the quality of this policy link: are representatives doing what people want?
- ‘Between mandate and responsiveness: how electoral uncertainty affects political representation’ (supported by Trinity College Arts and Social Sciences Benefactions Fund 2013-2014)
- Paper: The impact of opinion polls on party mandate fulfilment: evidence from Ireland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom
- Paper: The Impact of Electoral Uncertainty on the Party Mandate in Ireland and the United Kingdom
- Paper: Opinion Polls and the Party Mandate
- Verkiezingsbeloften: een verouderd ritueel? [Election promises: an obsolete ritual?] (2014), In: Sarah L. de Lange, Monique Leyenaar and Pieter de Jong (eds). Politieke partijen: nodig of overbodig?, pp. 199-110, Den Haag: Raad voor het Openbaar Bestuur.
- ‘Mechanisms of Issue Congruence: The Democratic Party Mandate.’ (2012) West European Politics, 35(6), 1249-1271.
- ‘Het democratisch mandaat van Nederlandse politieke partijen: crisis of continuïteit?’ [The Democratic Mandate of Dutch Political Parties: Crisis or Continuity?] (2012) Res Publica, 54(4), 413-441.
- ‘Political parties and the democratic mandate. Comparing Collective mandate fulfilment in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands’ (2011) Dissertation: Leiden University.
- ‘The Spatial Approach to the Party Mandate’ (2011) Parliamentary Affairs, 64(3), 425-447.